• elinakourtali

The first part of the 8th limb Yoga of Patanjali includes the ‘five restrains”, Yama in Sanskrit, which aim on Mental and Emotional control. Those are Non- violence, Ahimsa, Sincerity, Satya, Non stealing, Asteya, Moderation of the Senses , Brahmacharya, and Detachment, Aparigraha.

The definition of Non-Violence, Ahimsa includes not only the physical violence but also the Emotional and Mental violence, where Negative forces are used opposed to Peace and Love.

Sincerity, Satya, relates to standing for ones Truth by means where Non violence is used.

Non stealing, Asteya, is defined when someones Freedom and Respect is underlined.

Moderation of the Senses, Brachmacharya, refers to allowing energy to be expanded where there is an understanding of higher Truth potential.

Detachment, Aparigraha, relates to detachment from Material Growth or from ones specific Goal.

The Only Constant in Life is the constant Change of Everything, in every moment, as been also said by other Philosophers as well, Change is the Constant Thing in Life, (Iraklitos 484 BC).


Swami Vivekananda (1978). Raja Yoga or Conquering the Internal Nature and the The Sutras of Patanjali. Translated in Greek by Giannis Maletas, 1991, Konidari Edition

Elina Kourtali

RYT Yoga Alliance USA

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  • elinakourtali

Updated: Feb 18, 2020

Analysis of Yoga Sutra 1.2 of Patajali

Sutra 1.2 yoga-citta-vritti-nirodhah

Yoga is the ability to control the mind (citta) to form several patterns (vritti).

“Yoga is the restriction of the fluctuations of consciousness. (translation by Georg Feuerstein)”

According to Swami Vivekananda, Citta is the mind, which forms consciousness and is a part of Prakriti (Original or Primary substance) and because of Avidya (Ignorance), Purusha is formed (one's True Self).

Vritti ,the contents of mental awareness which are disturbances in the medium of consciousness and Nirodhah, the final disappearance of all bad experiences and their causes in such a way that they can no longer occur again.

Eyes are responsible for visual perception, as ears for sound perception. A stimuli is transferred to the Buddhi, the analytical process of the intellect and then the sense of -ego- is formed.

The mind Chitta, the ability to judge Buddhi, and the sense of -ego- Ahankara are a part of the aspects of consciousness.

Vritti, can be compared as the waves produced while throwing a stone to calm waters of a lake. True Self, is not the mind but instead what stands behind the mind, as in this paradigm not the water of the lake, but the bottom of the lake.

The water of the lake, the mind, can take three different forms, Gunas. The dark and stable waters of the lake which form swamps are defined as Tamas. The points where the waters of the lake are in constant move below of a waterfall are called Rajas. The calm waters of the lake where the water is transparent towards the centre of the lake are called Satvva. The last form is not characterised by inaction but by a higher power expression.

In relation to humans, one who is in harmony and balance is not the one who is characterised by laziness, but the one who has the power to control the mind and all the mental disturbances.

Yoga is thus a way to be aware and to have control over the mind while forming a Rajasic or a Tamasic state of consciousness. This can be achieved through control of the senses, moving the focus to the inside Pratyahara and concentration Dharana


Swami Vivekananda (1978). Raja Yoga or Conquering the Internal Nature and the The Sutras of Patanjali. Translated in Greek by Giannis Maletas, 1991, Konidari Edition


Elina Kourtali

RYT Yoga Alliance USA

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  • elinakourtali

Gong meditation is a unique type of sound practice that involves using Therapeutic Gong Sounds and vibrations to bring about Healing.

This practice is also sometimes referred to as a “Gong Bath” because participants are “bathed” in meditation Gong Sound waves. The goal of “Gong Meditation” is usually therapeutic, whereas mindfulness meditation has many therapeutic benefits, but its deeper goal is awareness and non-judgmental appreciation of the present moment.

Sound Therapy has long been used to manage a broad range of health conditions. The treatments are based on the understanding that all forms of matter – including our body’s cells – vibrate at different frequencies. Factors such as stress, depression and disease cause cells and organs within our bodies to vibrate at non-optimal frequencies.

Mosts people who participate in Gong Baths are lying down on meditation mats. Add a pillow and a blanket and all you’ll need to do is rest in a comfortable position, relax and close your eyes. Your instructor will guide you through the session. Initially, the Gong is played very softly; as the meditation session progresses, the volume is gradually increased.

Since the purpose of the meditation Gong Sound is Healing, the volume is never upped to uncomfortable levels. The Gong Sound is changed frequently to avoid producing a fixed, monotonous rhythm. The auditory stimuli of the Gong Bath process lead to entrainment, a form of beneficially modified brainwave frequencies. The first brainwave state to be reached is alpha, which is defined by frequencies between 8 and 12 Hz. Alpha brainwaves are associated with creativity and feelings of relaxation. In this state, people experience daydreams, associative thinking and an animated imagination. This state is quickly followed by an influx of theta brainwaves, which fall between 4 and 7 Hz. Normally, the theta brainwave state is associated with deep meditation, hypnosis and REM sleep.

Gong sound therapy has been practiced for thousands of years. Today, enthusiasts believe that gong baths can help reduce stress and liberate emotional blockages. Scientific evidence suggests that certain forms of sound therapy prompt damaged human DNA strands to repair themselves. Some tones are thought to promote vitality and healing, and also to enhance happiness. Many alternative healthcare clinics offer sound therapies such as gong meditation to help manage various ailments.

Other forms of Sound Therapy include tuning forks Tibetan singing meditation bowls. Music therapy is arguably the most mainstream form of sound therapy, and many music therapists are board certified. Music has been shown to relieve a number of problems, including pain, loneliness and depression. Music therapy is now frequently offered in clinical settings such as hospitals, clinics, and hospice.

A combination of Sound Healing and Yoga Nidra techniques by the Satyananda’s System are performed in each Session.

Elina Kourtali

RYT Yoga Alliance USA


Peter, Whitehart. Gong Bath in a Nut Shell. Retrieved from


All images are shot at Aparments ROI, Assos, Kefalonia, Greece

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